بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
The Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar consisting of 12 lunar months in a year of 355 or 354 days.
The names of the Islamic months: 1. Al-Muharram 2. Safar 3. Rabi'un Al-Awwalu 4. Rabi'un Al-Akhiru 5. Jumada Al-Ula 6. Jumada Al-Akhira 7. Rajab 8. Sha'ban 9. Ramadan 10. Shawwal 11. Thu-l-Qa'dah 12. Thu-l-Hijjah
Ramadan is the month in the Islamic lunar calendar.
Fasting during Ramadan is one of the five pillars of Islam.
The first and last dates of Ramadan are determined by the lunar Islamic calendar.
The Islamic lunar calendar is based on sighting the moon by the human eye.
Muslim lunar months last 29 or 30 days. If the new moon is not visible on the twenty-ninth after sunset, then the month lasts 30 days.
The actual visibility of the crescent depends on factors such as atmospheric conditions, cloudiness and the distance between the sun and the moon.
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